Group

Group class

class tango.Group(name)

Bases: object

A Tango Group represents a hierarchy of tango devices. The hierarchy may have more than one level. The main goal is to group devices with same attribute(s)/command(s) to be able to do parallel requests.

add(self, subgroup, timeout_ms=- 1)None

Attaches a (sub)_RealGroup.

To remove the subgroup use the remove() method.

Parameters
subgroup

(str)

timeout_ms

(int) If timeout_ms parameter is different from -1, the client side timeout associated to each device composing the _RealGroup added is set to timeout_ms milliseconds. If timeout_ms is -1, timeouts are not changed.

Return

None

Throws

TypeError, ArgumentError

command_inout(self, cmd_name, forward=True) → sequence<GroupCmdReply>

command_inout (self, cmd_name, param, forward=True) -> sequence<GroupCmdReply>

command_inout (self, cmd_name, param_list, forward=True) -> sequence<GroupCmdReply>

Just a shortcut to do:

self.command_inout_reply(self.command_inout_asynch(…))

Parameters
cmd_name

(str) Command name

param

(any) parameter value

param_list

(tango.DeviceDataList) sequence of parameters. When given, it’s length must match the group size.

forward

(bool) If it is set to true (the default) request is forwarded to subgroups. Otherwise, it is only applied to the local set of devices.

Return

(sequence<GroupCmdReply>)

command_inout_asynch(self, cmd_name, forget=False, forward=True, reserved=- 1)int

command_inout_asynch (self, cmd_name, param, forget=False, forward=True, reserved=-1 ) -> int

command_inout_asynch (self, cmd_name, param_list, forget=False, forward=True, reserved=-1 ) -> int

Executes a Tango command on each device in the group asynchronously. The method sends the request to all devices and returns immediately. Pass the returned request id to Group.command_inout_reply() to obtain the results.

Parameters
cmd_name

(str) Command name

param

(any) parameter value

param_list

(tango.DeviceDataList) sequence of parameters. When given, it’s length must match the group size.

forget

(bool) Fire and forget flag. If set to true, it means that no reply is expected (i.e. the caller does not care about it and will not even try to get it)

forward

(bool) If it is set to true (the default) request is forwarded to subgroups. Otherwise, it is only applied to the local set of devices.

reserved

(int) is reserved for internal purpose and should not be used. This parameter may disappear in a near future.

Return

(int) request id. Pass the returned request id to Group.command_inout_reply() to obtain the results.

Throws

command_inout_reply(self, req_id, timeout_ms=0) → sequence<GroupCmdReply>

Returns the results of an asynchronous command.

Parameters
req_id

(int) Is a request identifier previously returned by one of the command_inout_asynch methods

timeout_ms

(int) For each device in the hierarchy, if the command result is not yet available, command_inout_reply wait timeout_ms milliseconds before throwing an exception. This exception will be part of the global reply. If timeout_ms is set to 0, command_inout_reply waits “indefinitely”.

Return

(sequence<GroupCmdReply>)

Throws

contains(self, pattern, forward=True)bool
Parameters
pattern

(str) The pattern can be a fully qualified or simple group name, a device name or a device name pattern.

forward

(bool) If fwd is set to true (the default), the remove request is also forwarded to subgroups. Otherwise, it is only applied to the local set of elements.

Return

(bool) Returns true if the hierarchy contains groups and/or devices which name matches the specified pattern. Returns false otherwise.

Throws

disable(*args, **kwds)

Disables a group or a device element in a group.

enable(*args, **kwds)

Enables a group or a device element in a group.

get_device_list(self, forward=True) → sequence<str>

Considering the following hierarchy:

g2.add("my/device/04")
g2.add("my/device/05")

g4.add("my/device/08")
g4.add("my/device/09")

g3.add("my/device/06")
g3.add(g4)
g3.add("my/device/07")

g1.add("my/device/01")
g1.add(g2)
g1.add("my/device/03")
g1.add(g3)
g1.add("my/device/02")

The returned vector content depends on the value of the forward option. If set to true, the results will be organized as follows:

    dl = g1.get_device_list(True)

dl[0] contains "my/device/01" which belongs to g1
dl[1] contains "my/device/04" which belongs to g1.g2
dl[2] contains "my/device/05" which belongs to g1.g2
dl[3] contains "my/device/03" which belongs to g1
dl[4] contains "my/device/06" which belongs to g1.g3
dl[5] contains "my/device/08" which belongs to g1.g3.g4
dl[6] contains "my/device/09" which belongs to g1.g3.g4
dl[7] contains "my/device/07" which belongs to g1.g3
dl[8] contains "my/device/02" which belongs to g1

If the forward option is set to false, the results are:

    dl = g1.get_device_list(False);

dl[0] contains "my/device/01" which belongs to g1
dl[1] contains "my/device/03" which belongs to g1
dl[2] contains "my/device/02" which belongs to g1
Parameters
forward

(bool) If it is set to true (the default), the request is forwarded to sub-groups. Otherwise, it is only applied to the local set of devices.

Return

(sequence<str>) The list of devices currently in the hierarchy.

Throws

get_fully_qualified_name(*args, **kwds)

Get the complete (dpt-separated) name of the group. This takes into consideration the name of the group and its parents.

get_name(*args, **kwds)

Get the name of the group. Eg: Group(‘name’).get_name() == ‘name’

get_size(self, forward=True)int
Parameters
forward

(bool) If it is set to true (the default), the request is forwarded to sub-groups.

Return

(int) The number of the devices in the hierarchy

Throws

is_enabled(*args, **kwds)

Check if a group is enabled. New in PyTango 7.0.0

name_equals(*args, **kwds)

New in PyTango 7.0.0

name_matches(*args, **kwds)

New in PyTango 7.0.0

ping(self, forward=True)bool

Ping all devices in a group.

Parameters
forward

(bool) If fwd is set to true (the default), the request is also forwarded to subgroups. Otherwise, it is only applied to the local set of devices.

Return

(bool) This method returns true if all devices in the group are alive, false otherwise.

Throws

read_attribute(self, attr_name, forward=True) → sequence<GroupAttrReply>
Just a shortcut to do:

self.read_attribute_reply(self.read_attribute_asynch(…))

read_attribute_asynch(self, attr_name, forward=True, reserved=- 1)int

Reads an attribute on each device in the group asynchronously. The method sends the request to all devices and returns immediately.

Parameters
attr_name

(str) Name of the attribute to read.

forward

(bool) If it is set to true (the default) request is forwarded to subgroups. Otherwise, it is only applied to the local set of devices.

reserved

(int) is reserved for internal purpose and should not be used. This parameter may disappear in a near future.

Return

(int) request id. Pass the returned request id to Group.read_attribute_reply() to obtain the results.

Throws

read_attribute_reply(self, req_id, timeout_ms=0) → sequence<GroupAttrReply>

Returns the results of an asynchronous attribute reading.

Parameters
req_id

(int) a request identifier previously returned by read_attribute_asynch.

timeout_ms

(int) For each device in the hierarchy, if the attribute value is not yet available, read_attribute_reply wait timeout_ms milliseconds before throwing an exception. This exception will be part of the global reply. If timeout_ms is set to 0, read_attribute_reply waits “indefinitely”.

Return

(sequence<GroupAttrReply>)

Throws

read_attributes(self, attr_names, forward=True) → sequence<GroupAttrReply>
Just a shortcut to do:

self.read_attributes_reply(self.read_attributes_asynch(…))

read_attributes_asynch(self, attr_names, forward=True, reserved=- 1)int

Reads the attributes on each device in the group asynchronously. The method sends the request to all devices and returns immediately.

Parameters
attr_names

(sequence<str>) Name of the attributes to read.

forward

(bool) If it is set to true (the default) request is forwarded to subgroups. Otherwise, it is only applied to the local set of devices.

reserved

(int) is reserved for internal purpose and should not be used. This parameter may disappear in a near future.

Return

(int) request id. Pass the returned request id to Group.read_attributes_reply() to obtain the results.

Throws

read_attributes_reply(self, req_id, timeout_ms=0) → sequence<GroupAttrReply>

Returns the results of an asynchronous attribute reading.

Parameters
req_id

(int) a request identifier previously returned by read_attribute_asynch.

timeout_ms

(int) For each device in the hierarchy, if the attribute value is not yet available, read_attribute_reply ait timeout_ms milliseconds before throwing an exception. This exception will be part of the global reply. If timeout_ms is set to 0, read_attributes_reply waits “indefinitely”.

Return

(sequence<GroupAttrReply>)

Throws

remove_all(self)None

Removes all elements in the _RealGroup. After such a call, the _RealGroup is empty.

set_timeout_millis(self, timeout_ms)bool

Set client side timeout for all devices composing the group in milliseconds. Any method which takes longer than this time to execute will throw an exception.

Parameters
timeout_ms

(int)

Return

None

Throws

(errors are ignored)

New in PyTango 7.0.0

write_attribute(self, attr_name, value, forward=True, multi=False) → sequence<GroupReply>
Just a shortcut to do:

self.write_attribute_reply(self.write_attribute_asynch(…))

write_attribute_asynch(self, attr_name, value, forward=True, multi=False)int

Writes an attribute on each device in the group asynchronously. The method sends the request to all devices and returns immediately.

Parameters
attr_name

(str) Name of the attribute to write.

value

(any) Value to write. See DeviceProxy.write_attribute

forward

(bool) If it is set to true (the default) request is forwarded to subgroups. Otherwise, it is only applied to the local set of devices.

multi

(bool) If it is set to false (the default), the same value is applied to all devices in the group. Otherwise the value is interpreted as a sequence of values, and each value is applied to the corresponding device in the group. In this case len(value) must be equal to group.get_size()!

Return

(int) request id. Pass the returned request id to Group.write_attribute_reply() to obtain the acknowledgements.

Throws

write_attribute_reply(self, req_id, timeout_ms=0) → sequence<GroupReply>

Returns the acknowledgements of an asynchronous attribute writing.

Parameters
req_id

(int) a request identifier previously returned by write_attribute_asynch.

timeout_ms

(int) For each device in the hierarchy, if the acknowledgment is not yet available, write_attribute_reply wait timeout_ms milliseconds before throwing an exception. This exception will be part of the global reply. If timeout_ms is set to 0, write_attribute_reply waits “indefinitely”.

Return

(sequence<GroupReply>)

Throws

GroupReply classes

Group member functions do not return the same as their DeviceProxy counterparts, but objects that contain them. This is:

  • write attribute family returns tango.GroupReplyList

  • read attribute family returns tango.GroupAttrReplyList

  • command inout family returns tango.GroupCmdReplyList

The Group*ReplyList objects are just list-like objects containing GroupReply, GroupAttrReply and GroupCmdReply elements that will be described now.

Note also that GroupReply is the base of GroupCmdReply and GroupAttrReply.

class tango.GroupReply(*args, **kwargs)

This is the base class for the result of an operation on a PyTangoGroup, being it a write attribute, read attribute, or command inout operation.

It has some trivial common operations:

  • has_failed(self) -> bool

  • group_element_enabled(self) ->bool

  • dev_name(self) -> str

  • obj_name(self) -> str

  • get_err_stack(self) -> DevErrorList

class tango.GroupAttrReply(*args, **kwargs)
get_data(self, extract_as=ExtractAs.Numpy)DeviceAttribute

Get the DeviceAttribute.

Parameters
extract_as

(ExtractAs)

Return

(DeviceAttribute) Whatever is stored there, or None.

class tango.GroupCmdReply(*args, **kwargs)
get_data(self) → any

Get the actual value stored in the GroupCmdRply, the command output value. It’s the same as self.get_data_raw().extract()

Parameters

None

Return

(any) Whatever is stored there, or None.

get_data_raw(self) → any

Get the DeviceData containing the output parameter of the command.

Parameters

None

Return

(DeviceData) Whatever is stored there, or None.